What is a Varicocele?  A varicocele is a varicose vein of the scrotum which can be seen in up to 20% of men. Varicoceles are typically asymptomatic, however, they can cause significant pain and have been associated with fertility issues.  

If you're experiencing symptoms or have questions about varicocele treatment options, reach out to Premier Vascular & Interventional for a consultation with our experienced vascular experts.

Varicocele: Causes, Symptoms and More

Causes of Varicocele

Varicocele is typically developed as a result of venous reflux relating to faulty valves within the gonadal veins. When these valves fail to function properly blood flows in the wrong direction and sumps down in the veins of the scrotum. This results in dilatation and bulging of the scrotal veins described as "bag of worms" appearance.

Symptoms of Varicocele

Majority of varicoceles are asymptomatic, however they tend become larger over time. If the veins become dilated enough patients may begin to experience symptoms such as pain/ discomfort, especially with prolonged standing. Varicoceles have also been associated with decreased sperm quality and infertility. Varicoceles may occur bilaterally, they are most commonly seen on the left. 


Chronically dilated varicose veins in the scrotum can lead to testicular atrophy and or male infertility by decreasing sperm quality and/or production. Following treatment of the varicocele, testicular function may be restored. 

See a Specialist

If you are experiencing signs and symptoms of a varicocele contact the vascular specialists at Premier Vascular & Interventional for a comprehensive exam and treatment options. 

Understanding Varicocele Treatment Options


A surgical method where an incision is made above the scrotum to tie off abnormal veins, ensuring blood reroutes through other veins for optimal flow.

Varicocele Embolization

Varicocele embolization is a minimally invasive procedure where a tiny catheter is advanced through a pinhole in the neck or groin and manipulated to the level of the varicocele. Embolization material is deployed in the target vein supplying the varicocele which will redirect flow to healthy nearby veins. After treatment the catheter is removed and a small bandage is placed at the access site.

Explore Varicocele Treatment with Experts at Premier Vascular & Interventional

Choosing the right treatment for varicocele can be overwhelming. By seeking evaluation from a vascular specialist, you tap into expert knowledge, ensuring a personalized treatment plan tailored to your needs. They'll provide clarity on all available options, empowering you to confidently decide on the best treatment path. 


Our welcoming staff, state-of-the-art facility, and experienced practitioners  are available to deliver tailored treatment options. Let's chart a path to better health together. Your journey starts here.